# Very strange? Code generation bug?

Tom S h3r3tic at -remove-.mat.uni.torun.pl
Tue Apr 11 16:51:44 PDT 2006

```Ivan Senji wrote:
> float random1()
> {
>   float f = rand()%101;
>   return (f-50)/50;
> }

This is what happens:
1. rand() returns a random uint. It gets warped in the range 0 .. 100
2. the uint from 0 .. 100 is stored into a float
3. you subtract 50 and divide by 50. everything is fine.

> float random2()
> {
>   return (rand()%101-50)/50;
> }

This is what happens:
1. rand() returns a random uint. It gets warped in the range 0-100
2. you subtract 50 from the uint in range 0 .. 100, thus possibly
wrapping it around its 0xffffffff boundary, thus getting an uint in
range (0xffffffff - 50) .. 50
3. you divide the uint by 50, thus yielding a very big number if it were
from the range (0xffffffff - 50) .. 0xffffffff or 1 if it were 50 or 0
if it were from the range 0 .. 49

Hope this helps :)

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Tomasz Stachowiak  /+ a.k.a. h3r3tic +/

```