Derelict SFML2 - structs are forward referenced

Rene Zwanenburg via Digitalmars-d-learn digitalmars-d-learn at
Sat Dec 26 02:39:29 PST 2015

On Saturday, 26 December 2015 at 09:48:29 UTC, Lucien wrote:
> Hello.
> I want to use Derelict-SFML2 to create a simple window.
> But when I compile (linked with dub and derelict-util), I have 
> the following error:
> src/app.d(30,20): Error: variable myproject.main.window no 
> definition of struct sfRenderWindow
> ../../../.dub/packages/derelict-sfml2-3.0.1/source/derelict/sfml2/graphics.d(56,1): Error: struct unknown size
> src/app.d(31,5): Error: struct sfRenderWindow is forward 
> referenced
> src/app.d(32,12): Error: struct sfRenderWindow is forward 
> referenced
> src/app.d(35,16): Error: struct sfRenderWindow is forward 
> referenced
> src/app.d(38,17): Error: struct sfRenderWindow is forward 
> referenced
> My code:
> Is it a bug in Derelict-SFML2 or want did I do false ?
> Hoping that you understood me with my bad English :)

sfRenderWindow is an opaque struct, so its size is unknown. This 
means you can only use pointers to them, and any operations on 
them will have to be done using SFML. So in your code, change 
sfRenderWindow to sfRenderWindow*.

Did you by any chance look at a C++ tutorial for SFML? Derelict 
binds to the C API so it looks a bit different. To create a 
window sfRenderWindow_create can be used, so lines 12 + 13 can be 
replaced by

auto window = sfRenderWindow_create(sfVideoMode(200, 200), "SFML 
works !");

Another example: the function to check if a window is open is 
sfRenderWindow_isOpen, taking a pointer to an opaque 
sfRenderWindow struct as first parameter. Due to D's so called 
UFCS you can call this function in two ways:

sfRenderWindow_isOpen(window); // Just like in C
window.sfRenderWindow_isOpen(); // Use member-like syntax

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