Interfacing with basic C++ class

Riccardo M asd at asd.asd
Thu Sep 29 12:49:06 UTC 2022

On Thursday, 29 September 2022 at 11:13:15 UTC, Ogi wrote:
> Ali is correct. However, you don’t have to change anything on 
> the C++ side, just map C++ class to D struct:
> [...]

Thanks, this works perfectly.
Now i see that I can even instantiate directly from D, calling 
the default ctor, calling the custom ctor or even overriding the 
custom ctor in D (the fact that ctors could be called, in 
contrast with docs, was in fact hinted at DConf 2022 as suggested 
by Ali).

So it turns out that D's structs are a much better match for 
C++'s classes in this case. But why is this? Can you elaborate? 
It must have to do with the fact that D structs are passed by 

Now this D code runs as expected:
// D
extern(C++, class) {
	struct MyClass {
			int field;
			this(int a);
			int add(int asd);

	MyClass* instantiate(int asd);

void main()
	import std : writeln;

	auto myclass = instantiate(100); //actually, instantiation 
through C++ is not required any longer
	assert(myclass.field == 100);

	auto myclass2 = new MyClass;
	assert(myclass2.field == 0);

	auto myclass3 = new MyClass(50);
	assert(myclass3.field == 50);

	assert(myclass3.add(40) == 90);
However the 'add' function only links correctly if C++ has the 
function body defined outside of its class.
// C++
int MyClass::add(int asd) {
     return field + asd;
If the function is defined inside its class, it is an undefined 
reference at link time. Once again I ask for clarifications and 
workarounds, if possible.


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