Dare I ... another volatile discussion ?

Mike via Digitalmars-d digitalmars-d at puremagic.com
Fri May 8 01:39:35 PDT 2015

On Thursday, 7 May 2015 at 16:04:56 UTC, Jens Bauer wrote:

> So back to what originally triggered this post; this is what 
> the question is actually about:
> If writing a driver for <platform X>, how is reading/writing 
> hardware registers usually done in D ?

Here's my pre 2.067 code for `volatile` semantics

@inline T volatileLoad(T)(T* a)
     asm { "" ::: "memory"; };
     return *cast(shared T*)a;

@inline void volatileStore(T)(T* a, in T v)
     asm { "" ::: "memory"; };
     *cast(shared T*)a = v;

As Iain showed, shared does not provide any order guarantees, so 
that's why I added the asm { "" ::: "memory"; };  memory barrier.

This code, however, is still incorrect because it uses a bug in 
GDC as a feature.  Iain explained that bug here:  

There's also a post here that shows a volatileLoad/Store 
implementation using memory barriers without shared 
(http://forum.dlang.org/post/501A6E01.7010809@gmail.com), but 
when I tried it with my cross-compiler, I got an ICE.  
Furthermore, I don't even understand it.  I don't understand 
exactly what the +g and +m constraints do, and I hate using code 
I don't understand.

Once 2.067 is properly merged and implemented, none of this will 
be necessary anyway as volatileLoad/Store intrinsics were 
introduced.  That being said, you will still have to add some 
boilerplate around volatileLoad/Store to make the syntax 
tolerable.  Johannes has a nice implementation of Volatile!T for 
that purpose here (http://dpaste.dzfl.pl/dd7fa4c3d42b).  I have 
my own CTFE Template implementation here 

In terms of shared, I think the following thread is quite 
http://forum.dlang.org/post/lruc3n$at1$1@digitalmars.com.  Based 
on that, I wouldn't trust shared for anything, and I think it 
should just be ignored altogether.  See also 

I'm not sure what to do yet for synchronized/atomic access.  If I 
had to do in now, I'd probably just stick with C-like techniques.


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